For one of my classes at Wesley (Digital Illustration) we had to design an infographic for the design elements that we used in class. The graphic covers contrast, repetition, alignment, and proximity as well as the various color schemes and types of fonts. A few tidbits of information and facts were also thrown in.
The entire project was created in Adobe Illustrator and was created entirely with the shape, pen, and type tools.
I do enjoy these kinds of projects. Illustrator is the program I am most familiar with and I tend to have little trouble when making these types of illustrations.